Everyone at some point in life may have lifted or rolled over a standard 5-gallon water bottle as part of their household chores. Based on the weight of the water bottle, we are going to understand the payload capacity of space rockets relative to equivalent weight of number of water bottles to give you a sense of how powerful this behemoths are at blasting super-heavy cargo to space.
10) Ariane 5 ES
Payload: 16,000 Kgs or 847 bottles
Ariane 5 is a European heavy-lift launch vehicle part of the Ariane rocket family, an expendable launch system used to deliver payloads to orbit (GTO) or low Earth orbit (LEO) geostationary transfer. The EPC (Étage Principal Cryotechnique— Cryotechnic Main Stage) is the main stage of Ariane 5’s cryogenic H173. It consists of a 30.5 meter high large tank with two compartments, one for liquid oxygen and one for liquid hydrogen, and a base Vulcain 2 engine with a vacuum thrust of 1,390 kilo-newtons (310,000 pounds-force)
9) Japan H2B
Payload: 16,500 Kgs or 873 bottles
H-IIB (H2B) is an expendable starting system for launching H-II Transfer Vehicles (HTV or Kounotori) to the International Space Station. H-IIB rockets are launched from the Tanegashima Space Center in Japan, using solid-fuel strap-on boosters. The main responsibility for the design, manufacture and operation of H-IIB was Mitsubishi and JAXA.
8) Atlas V
Payload: 18,814 Kgs or 995 bottles
Atlas V (Spoken Atlas five) is the Atlas rocket family’s expendable launch system. It was previously operated by Lockheed Martin and is now operated by a joint venture with Boeing, United Launch Alliance (ULA).
7) Titan IV-B
Payload: 21,680 Kgs or 1147 bottles
The Titan IV family (including the IVA and IVB) of rockets were used by the U.S. Air Force. The Titan IV was the “largest unmanned space booster used by the Air Force at the time of its introduction
6) Falcon 9
Payload: 22,800 Kgs or 1206 bottles
Falcon 9 is a two-stage-to-orbit medium lift launch vehicle designed and produced in the United States by SpaceX. It is powered by Merlin Engines, developed SpaceX, which burns liquid oxygen (LOX) and rocket-grade kerosene(RP-1) propellants. Its name comes from the Falcon of the Millennium and the nine first stage rocket engines
5) Proton M
Payload: 23,000 Kgs or 1217 bottles
The Proton-M is a Russian Proton-developed heavy-lift launch vehicle. It is constructed by Khrunichev and launched at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan from sites 81 and 200. The launch vehicle Proton-M consists of three stages, all of which are powered by liquid rocket engines using the hypergolic combination of dinitrogen tetroxide as an oxidizer and unsymmetric dimethylhydrazine for fuel.
4) Space Shuttle
Payload: 27,500 Kgs or 1455 bottles
The Space Shuttle was a partially reusable low Earth orbital spacecraft system operated by NASA as a key part of their space shuttle program. Shuttle components included the Orbiter Vehicle (OV) with three main Rocketdyne RS-25 clustered engines, a pair of solid rocket boosters (SRBs), and the expendable external tank (ET) containing liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen.
3) Delta IV Heavy
Payload: 28,790 Kgs or 1523 bottles
The Delta IV Heavy (Delta 9250H) is an expendable heavy-lift launch vehicle, the Delta IV family’s largest type, and is the world’s current second-highest-capacity rocket in operation, surpassed only by the Falcon Heavy rocket from SpaceX. The Delta IV Heavy is a central Common Booster Core (CBC) with two additional CBCs as boosters for liquid rockets
2) Falcon Heavy
Payload: 63,800 Kgs or 3376 bottles
Falcon Heavy is a partially reusable, SpaceX designed and manufactured super heavy-lift launch vehicle. It comes from the Falcon 9 vehicle and consists of a first stage reinforced Falcon 9 as a central core with two additional first steps as strap-on boosters. Falcon Heavy has the highest payload capacity and the third highest capacity of any rocket ever to reach orbit
1) Saturn V
Payload: 140,000 Kgs or 7407 bottles
The Saturn V was an expendable American rocket used by NASA from 1967 to 1973. Saturn V remains the highest, heaviest and most powerful (highest total impulse) rocket ever brought to operational status and holds records for the heaviest launched payload and the largest low Earth orbit (LEO) capacity of 140,000 kg (310,000 lb), including the third stage and unburned propellant needed to send the Apollo Command / Service Module and Lunar Module to the Moon.